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    The treatment of osteosarcoma has reached a bottleneck period in recent 30 years, there is an urgent need to find new drugs and treatment methods. Nigericin, an antibiotic derived from Streptomyces hygroscopicus, has exerted promising antitumoral effect in various tumors. The anticancer effect of Nigericin in human osteosarcoma has never been reported. In the present study, we explored the anticancer effects of Nigericin in osteosarcoma in vitro and in vivo. Our results showed that nigericin treatment significantly reduced tumor cell proliferation in dose-dependent and time-dependent in human osteosarcoma cells. Nigericin can inhibit cell growth of osteosarcoma cells, in addition to S-phase cycle arrest, the nigericin induces apoptosis. Furthermore, bioinformatics predicted that Nigericin exerts anticancer effects through inhibiting SRC/STAT3 signaling pathway in osteosarcoma. The direct binding between SRC and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) was confirmed by Western blot. Nigericin can down regulate STAT3 and Bcl-2. In order to further elucidate the inhibitory effect of nigericin on SRC/STAT3/Bcl-2 signal transduction mechanism, we established human osteosarcoma cancer cells stably expressing STAT3. Western blot confirmed that nigericin exerts anticancer effects on human osteosarcoma cancer cells by directly targeting STAT3. In addition, Nigericin can significantly inhibit tumor migration and invasion. Finally, Nigericin inhibits tumor growth in a mouse osteosarcoma model. The nigericin targeting the SRC/STAT3/BCL-2 signaling pathway may provide new insights into the molecular mechanism of nigericin on cancer cells and suggest its possible clinical application in osteosarcoma. Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier Inc.


    Zhiqiang Yang, Jiangtao Xie, Jiayu Fang, Minchao Lv, Min Yang, Zhouming Deng, Yuanlong Xie, Lin Cai. Nigericin exerts anticancer effects through inhibition of the SRC/STAT3/BCL-2 in osteosarcoma. Biochemical pharmacology. 2022 Apr;198:114938

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    PMID: 35114189

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