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Metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality in both the US and Europe. Androgen deprivation is the first-line therapy for mPCa; however, resistance to therapy inevitably occurs and the disease progresses to the castration resistant stage, which is uncurable. A definition of novel targeted therapies is necessary for the establishment of innovative and more effective protocols of personalized oncology. We employed genetically engineered mouse models of PCa and human samples to characterize the expression of the TRPM8 cation channel in both hormone naïve and castration resistant tumors. We show that Trpm8 expression marks both indolent (Pten-null) and aggressive (Pten/Trp53 double-null and TRAMP) mouse prostate adenocarcinomas. Importantly, both mouse and human castration-resistant PCa preserve TRPM8 protein expression. Finally, we tested the effect of TRPM8 agonist D-3263 administration in combination with enzalutamide or docetaxel on the viability of aggressive mouse PCa cell lines. Our data demonstrate that D-3263 substantially enhances the pro-apoptotic activity of enzalutamide and docetaxel in TRAMP-C1 e TRAMP-C2 PCa cell lines. To conclude, this study provides the basis for pre-clinical in vivo testing of TRPM8 targeting as a novel strategy to implement the efficacy of standard-of-care treatments for advanced PCa.


Sacha Genovesi, Riccardo Moro, Beatrice Vignoli, Dario De Felice, Marco Canossa, Rodolfo Montironi, Francesco Giuseppe Carbone, Mattia Barbareschi, Andrea Lunardi, Alessandro Alaimo. Trpm8 Expression in Human and Mouse Castration Resistant Prostate Adenocarcinoma Paves the Way for the Preclinical Development of TRPM8-Based Targeted Therapies. Biomolecules. 2022 Jan 23;12(2)

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PMID: 35204694

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