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    The incidence of thyroid cancer, a most common tumor in the endocrine system, has increased in recent years. A growing number of studies have focused on the molecular mechanisms of thyroid cancer subtypes, aiming to identify effective therapeutic targets. Endocytosis is of vital significance in the malignant development of tumors, although its involvement in thyroid cancer has been rarely reported. HIP1R expressions in thyroid cancer from the TCGA database were analyzed by UALCAN software. Thyroid epithelial and cancer cell lines were cultured in vitro. Western blotting and quantitative PCR were used to analyze protein and mRNA levels, respectively. Cell viability was measured by CCK-8 assay. Immunofluorescence staining indicated protein distribution in cell. Co-immunoprecipitation was used to study protein-protein interaction. Immunohistochemical staining was used to analyze protein expression in clinical tissues. Differences between groups were compared using the two-tailed Student's t test, and those among three or more groups were compared by one-way or two-way ANOVA. In the present study, HIP1R (Huntingtin Interacting Protein 1 Related) was found upregulated in thyroid cancer tissues and cell lines compared with that in the controls, while knockdown of HIP1R significantly inhibited the proliferation of thyroid cancer cells. Since HIP1R is essential for the clathrin-dependent endocytic process, we thereafter explored the effect of HIP1R on the endocytosis of thyroid cancer cells. Interestingly, knockdown of HIP1R significantly reduced the number of clathrin-coated pits (CCPs) in thyroid cancer cells. In addition, the interaction between HIP1R and PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog) was identified in thyroid cancer cells. Knockdown of HIP1R downregulated intracellular PTEN in thyroid cancer cells, but upregulated membrane-binding PTEN. Notably, flurbiprofen, a commonly used analgesic, significantly inhibited the proliferation of thyroid cancer cells and interfered with the interaction between HIP1R and PTEN, thereby enhancing the binding of PTEN to cell membrane. However, the proliferation inhibitory effect of flurbiprofen was attenuated when knocking down HIP1R or PTEN. Upregulated HIP1R in thyroid cancer cells promotes cell proliferation and mediates the endocytosis of PTEN. Flurbiprofen may exert an anti-tumor effect on thyroid cancer by blocking the interaction between HIP1R and PTEN. © 2022. The Author(s).


    Nengli Yang, Yafeng Liang, Pei Yang, Liuming Jiang. Flurbiprofen inhibits cell proliferation in thyroid cancer through interrupting HIP1R-induced endocytosis of PTEN. European journal of medical research. 2022 Feb 24;27(1):29

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    PMID: 35209947

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