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    Uric acid is the final product of purine metabolism in human. The increase of serum uric acid is tightly related to the incidence of hyperuricemia and gout. Also, it has been reported that the intake of purine-rich foods like meat and seafood is associated with an increased risk of gout. Therefore, the reduction of purine absorption is one of therapeutic approaches to prevent hyperuricemia and gout. Currently, probiotics are being studied for the management of hyperuricemia and gout. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of Lactobacillus brevis MJM60390 on hyperuricemia induced by a high-purine diet and potassium oxonate in a mouse model. L. brevis MJM60390 among 24 lactic acid bacteria isolated from fermented foods showed the highest ability to assimilate inosine and guanosine in vitro and typical probiotic characteristics, like the absence of bioamine production, D-lactate production, hemolytic activity, as well as tolerance to simulated orogastrointestinal conditions and adherence to Caco-2 cells. In an in vivo animal study, the uric acid level in serum was significantly reduced to a normal level after oral administration of L. brevis MJM60390 for 2 weeks. The activity of xanthine oxidase catalyzing the formation of uric acid was also inhibited by 30%. Interestingly, damage to the glomerulus, Bowman's capsule, and tubules in the hyperuricemia model were reversed by supplementation with this strain. Fecal microbiome analysis revealed that L. brevis MJM60390 supplementation enhanced the relative abundance of the Rikenellaceae family, which produces the short-chain fatty acid butyrate and helps to maintain good gut condition. Therefore, these results demonstrated that L. brevis MJM60390 can be a probiotic candidate to prevent hyperuricemia.


    Youjin Lee, Neagawooridwimeu Kim, Pia Werlinger, Dong-A Suh, Hanki Lee, Joo-Hyung Cho, Jinhua Cheng. Probiotic Characterization of Lactobacillus brevis MJM60390 and In Vivo Assessment of Its Antihyperuricemic Activity. Journal of medicinal food. 2022 Apr;25(4):367-380

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    PMID: 35438552

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