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    In this study, gamma-irradiated mackerel (Scomber japonicus) meat was stored in a refrigerator for 20 days to examine the physicochemical changes related to fishy smell. The effect of gamma irradiation on the inhibition of the activity of crude urease extracted from Vibrio parahaemolyticus was also evaluated. Increased levels of trimethylamine (TMA) and volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) content, which are the main components causing fishy smell, were significantly reduced by day 20 of storage after gamma irradiation, indicating that freshness was maintained during storage. The ammonia nitrogen contents of 3, 7, 10, and 20 kGy gamma-irradiated groups were significantly decreased by 6.5, 15.2, 17.4, and 23.9%, respectively, compared to non-irradiated groups on day 20 of storage. In addition, urease activity decreased in a gamma irradiation intensity-dependent manner. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured during the storage of gamma-irradiated mackerel meat. The contents of ethanol, 2-butanone, 3-methylbutanal, and trans-2-pentenal, which are known to cause off-flavors due to spoilage of fish, were significantly reduced by day 20 of storage. Therefore, gamma irradiation can be considered useful for inhibiting urease activity and reducing fishy smell during fish storage.


    So-Mi Jeong, Han-Ho Kim, Si-Hyeong Ryu, Woo-Sin Kang, Ji-Eun Lee, Su-Ryong Kim, Ga-Hye Lee, Xiaotong Xu, Eui-Baek Byun, Dong-Hyun Ahn. Effects of Gamma Irradiation on Inhibition of Urease Activity and Fishy Smell in Mackerel (Scomber japonicus) during Refrigerated Storage. Journal of microbiology and biotechnology. 2022 Jun 28;32(6):808-815

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    PMID: 35637171

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