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Saxitoxin (STX) is a potent neurotoxin that is biosynthesized by toxic dinoflagellates and accumulated in shellfish via the food chain. STX and its various analogues are now monitored in shellfish by the hygiene authorities in many countries with instrumental analytical methods, which require calibration with standards. Unfortunately, STX is registered as a chemical warfare agent in Schedule 1 of the Chemical Weapons Convention, and this has made it difficult to import calibration standards into some countries. We aimed to avoid violation of the Chemical Weapons Convention and facilitate analyses by preparing calibration standards based on unnatural nontoxic antipodal STXs (ent-STXs) with the same physicochemical properties as natural STXs. Our findings demonstrate that the nontoxic ent-STXs can be safely utilized as alternative reference materials of STXs in the routine monitoring program by the local authorities and consequently can lead to reduced usage of STX.


Ryuichi Watanabe, Yuka Takayanagi, Osamu Chiba, Shota Itoda, Hayate Ishizuka, Minami Odagi, Mayu Ozawa, Hajime Uchida, Ryoji Matsushima, Keiichi Konoki, Mari Yotsu-Yamashita, Kazuo Nagasawa, Toshiyuki Suzuki. Nontoxic Enantiomeric Reference Materials for Saxitoxins. Analytical chemistry. 2022 Aug 16;94(32):11144-11150

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PMID: 35938415

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