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Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the most common nasopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, and recurrence and metastasis are still difficult problems in its current treatment. This study aimed to investigate the effect of SUMO modification of STAT1 protein on the proliferation and invasion of NPC, and to reveal the underlying mechanism. Two gene expression profiles (GSE12452 and GSE53819) of 49 nasopharyngeal carcinomas and 28 normal controls were analyzed to identify differentially expressed genes. In total, 448 up-regulated genes and 622 down-regulated genes were identified. In addition, 16 SUMO-related molecules in the NPC dataset GSE102349 with survival data were analyzed, and it was found that the high expression of SENP1 and SENP2 was closely related to the poor prognosis of NPC. GO and GSEA analysis suggested that immune-related biological processes, IFN-γ-STAT signaling pathway and protein modification-related molecules were significantly enriched in NPC, resulting in poor survival prognosis. In order to verify the results of bioinformatics analysis and explore its underlying molecular mechanisms, western blot, Immunofluorescence, Immunoprecipitation and Immunohistochemistry are conducted in NPC cells, animals and clinical samples. SENP1 and STAT protein levels were increased in NPC tissues. SENP1 inhibited SUMOylation of STAT1, thereby promoting the protein level of STAT1 and the nuclear translocation. SENP1 promoted the proliferation and invasion of NPC by inducing STAT1. Overall, SENP1-induced deSUMOylation of STAT1, resulting in an increased proliferation and invasion of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier Inc.


Jun Zhang, Guo-Lin Tan, Ming Jiang, Tian-Sheng Wang, Guo-Hui Liu, Shan-Shan Xiong, Xiang Qing. Effects of SENP1-induced deSUMOylation of STAT1 on proliferation and invasion in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Cellular signalling. 2023 Jan;101:110530

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PMID: 36417976

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