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    The transcription factor (TF) nuclear factor I-X (NFIX) is a positive regulator of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) transplantation. Nfix-deficient HSPCs exhibit a severe loss of repopulating activity, increased apoptosis, and a loss of colony-forming potential. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Here, we performed cellular indexing of transcriptomes and epitopes by high-throughput sequencing (CITE-seq) on Nfix-deficient HSPCs and observed a loss of long-term hematopoietic stem cells and an accumulation of megakaryocyte and myelo-erythroid progenitors. The genome-wide binding profile of NFIX in primitive murine hematopoietic cells revealed its colocalization with other hematopoietic TFs, such as PU.1. We confirmed the physical interaction between NFIX and PU.1 and demonstrated that the 2 TFs co-occupy super-enhancers and regulate genes implicated in cellular respiration and hematopoietic differentiation. In addition, we provide evidence suggesting that the absence of NFIX negatively affects PU.1 binding at some genomic loci. Our data support a model in which NFIX collaborates with PU.1 at super-enhancers to promote the differentiation and homeostatic balance of hematopoietic progenitors. © 2023 by The American Society of Hematology. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), permitting only noncommercial, nonderivative use with attribution. All other rights reserved.


    Megan Walker, Yichao Li, Antonio Morales-Hernandez, Qian Qi, Chaithanyarani Parupalli, Scott Brown, Claiborne Christian, Wilson K Clements, Yong Cheng, Shannon McKinney-Freeman. An NFIX-mediated regulatory network governs the balance of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells during hematopoiesis. Blood advances. 2023 Sep 12;7(17):4677-4689

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    PMID: 36478187

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