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    Phospholipase D (PLD) is highly valuable in the food and medicine industries, where it is used to convert low-cost phosphatidylcholine into high-value phospholipids (PLs). Despite being overexpressed in Streptomyces, PLD production requires expensive thiostrepton feeding during fermentation, limiting its industrialization. To address this issue, we propose a new thiostrepton-free system. We developed a system using a combinatorial strategy containing the constitutive promoter kasOp* and PLD G215S mutation fused to a signal peptide sigcin of Streptoverticillium cinnamoneum pld. To find a candidate vector, we first expressed PLD using the integrative vector pSET152 and then built three autonomously replicating vectors by substituting Streptomyces replicons to increase PLD expression. According to our findings, replicon 3 with stability gene (sta) inserted had an ideal result. The retention rate of the plasmid pOJ260-rep3-pld* was 99% after five passages under non-resistance conditions. In addition, the strain SK-3 harboring plasmid pOJ260-rep3-pld* produced 62 U/mL (3.48 mg/g) of PLD, which further improved to 86.8 U/mL (7.51 mg/g) at 32 °C in the optimized medium, which is the highest activity achieved in the PLD secretory expression to date. This is the first time that a thiostrepton-free PLD production system has been reported in Streptomyces. The new system produced stable PLD secretion and lays the groundwork for the production of PLs from fermentation stock. Meanwhile, in the Streptomyces expression system, we present a highly promising solution for producing other complex proteins. © 2022. The Author(s).


    Juntan Wang, Haihua Zhu, Huiyi Shang, Bishan Guo, Mengxue Zhang, Fayun Wang, Lipan Zhang, Jun Xu, Hui Wang. Development of a thiostrepton-free system for stable production of PLD in Streptomyces lividans SBT5. Microbial cell factories. 2022 Dec 19;21(1):263

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    PMID: 36529749

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