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    IQGAP3 possesses oncogenic actions; its impact on prostate cancer (PC) remains unclear. We will investigate IQGAP3's association with PC progression, key mechanisms, prognosis, and immune evasion. IQGAP3 expression in PC was examined by immunohistochemistry and using multiple datasets. IQGAP3 network was analyzed for pathway alterations and used to construct a multigene signature (SigIQGAP3NW). SigIQGAP3NW was characterized using LNCaP cell-derived castration-resistant PCs (CRPCs), analyzed for prognostic value in 26 human cancer types, and studied for association with immune evasion. Increases in IQGAP3 expression associated with PC tumorigenesis, tumor grade, metastasis, and p53 mutation. IQGAP3 correlative genes were dominantly involved in mitosis. IQGAP3 correlated with PLK1 and TOP2A expression at Spearman correlation/R = 0.89 (p ≤ 3.069e-169). Both correlations were enriched in advanced PCs and Taxane-treated CRPCs and occurred at high levels (R > 0.8) in multiple cancer types. SigIQGAP3NW effectively predicted cancer recurrence and poor prognosis in independent PC cohorts and across 26 cancer types. SigIQGAP3NW stratified PC recurrence after adjustment for age at diagnosis, grade, stage, and surgical margin. SigIQGAP3NW component genes were upregulated in PC, metastasis, LNCaP cell-produced CRPC, and showed an association with p53 mutation. SigIQGAP3NW correlated with immune cell infiltration, including Treg in PC and other cancers. RELT, a SigIQGAP3NW component gene, was associated with elevations of multiple immune checkpoints and the infiltration of Treg and myeloid-derived suppressor cells in PC and across cancer types. RELT and SigIQGAP3NW predict response to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy. In multiple cancers, IQGAP3 robustly correlates with PLK1 and TOP2A expression, and SigIQGAP3NW and/or RELT effectively predict mortality risk and/or resistance to ICB therapy. PLK1 and TOP2A inhibitors should be investigated for treating cancers with elevated IQGAP3 expression. SigIQGAP3NW and/or RELT can be developed for clinical applications in risk stratification and management of ICB therapy. Copyright © 2023. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V.

    Citation

    Wenjuan Mei, Ying Dong, Yan Gu, Anil Kapoor, Xiaozeng Lin, Yingying Su, Sandra Vega Neira, Damu Tang. IQGAP3 is relevant to prostate cancer: A detailed presentation of potential pathomechanisms. Journal of advanced research. 2023 Dec;54:195-210

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    PMID: 36681115

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