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    Distorted neuronal calcium signaling has been reported in many neurodegenerative disorders, including different types of spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs). Cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs) are primarily affected in SCAs and the disturbances in the calcium homeostasis were observed in SCA PCs. Our previous results have revealed that 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) induced greater calcium responses in SCA2-58Q PC cultures than in wild type (WT) PC cultures. Here we observed that glutamate-induced calcium release in PCs cells bodies is significantly higher in SCA2-58Q PCs from acute cerebellar slices compared to WT PCs of the same age. Recent studies have demonstrated that the stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) plays an important role in the regulation of the neuronal calcium signaling in cerebellar PCs in mice. The main function of STIM1 is to regulate store-operated calcium entry through the TRPC/Orai channels formation to refill the calcium stores in the ER when it is empty. Here we demonstrated that the chronic viral-mediated expression of the small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting STIM1 specifically in cerebellar PCs alleviates the deranged calcium signaling in SCA2-58Q PCs, rescues the spine loss in these cerebellar neurons, and also improves the motor decline in SCA2-58Q mice. Thus, our preliminary results support the important role of the altered neuronal calcium signaling in SCA2 pathology and also suggest the STIM1-mediated signaling pathway as a potential therapeutic target for treatment of SCA2 patients. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Polina A Egorova, Ksenia S Marinina, Ilya B Bezprozvanny. Chronic suppression of STIM1-mediated calcium signaling in Purkinje cells rescues the cerebellar pathology in spinocerebellar ataxia type 2. Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular cell research. 2023 Jun;1870(5):119466

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    PMID: 36940741

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