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    The importance of molecular diagnostics is increasingly emphasized in the 2021 WHO guidelines for gliomas. There is considerable variability in molecular features and prognosis among glioma patients with the same pathological WHO grade. mRNA data and clinical information of human glioma patients were obtained from TCGA and CGGA databases, while expression profiles and TMZ resistance phenotypes of human glioma stem cells were acquired from the GEO database. Differentially expressed genes were identified across distinct WHO grades. Unsupervised clustering was performed on glioma patients based on DEG expression profiles. The Boruta algorithm was employed to identify feature genes for distinct molecular subtypes, and PCA was used to reduce the dimensionality of the feature gene expression data. Grade scores for each sample were calculated and correlated with patients' clinical molecular pathological features and immune microenvironment. Gene set enrichment analysis identified grade score-related functional pathways. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis identified grade score-associated biomarkers. The impact of the hub gene on malignant glioma behavior was validated through in vitro experiments, including CCK-8, EdU, colony formation, Transwell, wound healing, and immunofluorescence assays. A total of 672 and 687 samples were screened from TCGA and CGGA databases, respectively, along with 6 control, 24 low-grade, and 40 glioblastoma samples from our hospital. Two robust gene clusters were identified based on the expression profiles of 4,476 DEGs among grades 2, 3, and 4 tissues, revealing distinct prognoses. The grade scores exhibited significant heterogeneity across different WHO grade samples, representing diverse immune microenvironments. Grade scores served as independent risk factors for predicting patient prognosis, with higher sensitivity than traditional biomarkers. KIF20A, identified as a grade score-related biomarker, was independently associated with glioma prognosis. Exclusively expressed in tumor cells, KIF20A knockdown significantly inhibited tumor growth, invasion, and EMT biological behavior in glioma cells. Furthermore, KIF20A could serve as a biological marker for predicting patient response to TMZ treatment. The grade scoring system enhances our understanding of the glioma tumor microenvironment. KIF20A, a novel biomarker for predicting TMZ treatment efficiency, influences malignant tumor behavior by affecting the EMT biological behavior of glioma cells. © 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


    Liguo Ye, Shi'ao Tong, Yaning Wang, Yu Wang, Wenbin Ma. Grade scoring system reveals distinct molecular subtypes and identifies KIF20A as a novel biomarker for predicting temozolomide treatment efficiency in gliomas. Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology. 2023 Sep;149(12):9857-9876

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    PMID: 37248320

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