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Blueberries with 20%, 30%, and 40% weight loss were used for winemaking, aiming to explore the feasibility of applying postharvest dehydration for improving blueberry wine aroma. Postharvest dehydration decreased the titratable acidity of blueberries and their resultant wines. Total anthocyanins and phenols in blueberries with 30% weight loss were increased by 25.9% and 16.1%, respectively, due to concentration effects, while further dehydration resulted in a decline. Similar trends were observed in blueberry wines. Moderate postharvest dehydration increased total terpenes, benzeneacetaldehyde and phenylethyl alcohol, ethyl butanoate, methyl salicylate, 1-hexanol, and γ-nonalactone content in blueberries and wines, which could enhance the floral, fruity, and sweet notes of blueberry wines. Wines made from blueberries under severe dehydration (40% weight loss) had the lowest overall aroma score, which was related to the higher content of 4-ethyl-phenol and 4-ethylguaiacol. In conclusion, moderate postharvest dehydration benefited the aroma enhancement of blueberry wine. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Yu Wang, Qi Zhang, Meng-Yao Cui, Yu Fu, Xiao-Han Wang, Qin Yang, Yue Zhu, Xiao-Hui Yang, Hai-Jun Bi, Xue-Ling Gao. Aroma enhancement of blueberry wine by postharvest partial dehydration of blueberries. Food chemistry. 2023 Nov 15;426:136593

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PMID: 37348401

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