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    The ascomycetous heterothallic yeast Wickerhamomyces anomalus (WA) has received considerable attention and has been widely reported in the winemaking industry for its distinctive physiological traits and metabolic attributes. An increased concentration of ethanol during ethanol fermentation, however, causes ethanol stress (ES) on the yeast cells. Trehalose has been implicated in improving survival under various stress conditions in microorganisms. Herein, we determined the effects of trehalose supplementation on the survival, differentially expressed genes (DEGs), cellular morphology, and oxidative stress tolerance of WA in response to ES. The results indicated that trehalose improved the survival and anomalous surface and ultrastructural morphology of WA. Additionally, trehalose improved redox homeostasis by reducing the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inducing the activities of antioxidant enzymes. In addition, DEGs affected by the application of trehalose were enriched in these categories including in gene expression, protein synthesis, energy metabolism, and cell cycle pathways. Additionally, trehalose increased the content of intracellular malondialdehyde (MDA) and adenosine triphosphate. These results reveal the protective role of trehalose in ES mitigation and strengthen the possible uses of WA in the wine fermentation sector. © 2023. BioMed Central Ltd., part of Springer Nature.


    Yinfeng Li, Guilan Jiang, Hua Long, Yifa Liao, Liuliu Wu, Wenyue Huang, Xiaozhu Liu. Contribution of trehalose to ethanol stress tolerance of Wickerhamomyces anomalus. BMC microbiology. 2023 Aug 29;23(1):239

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    PMID: 37644381

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