Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

The classical myeloproliferative neoplasms are divided into chronic myeloid leukemia, and the Philadelphia negative polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia and primary myelofibrosis. These are heterogenous diseases, originating from the clonal proliferation of myeloid stem cells, resulting in increased mature cell numbers in one or more myeloid lineages. The most commonly seen mutations in the Philadelphia negative myeloproliferative neoplasms include those in Janus kinase, myeloproliferative leukemia protein and the calreticulin genes. Philadelphia negative myeloproliferative neoplasms occur infrequently, with a combined annual incidence of 2.58 per 100,000. There are many overlapping symptoms of Philadelphia negative MPNs, such as fatigue, night sweats, hepatosplenomegaly and circulatory symptoms due to increased cell numbers. Total Symptom Score of the MPN Symptom Assessment Form is used to assess symptom burden on patients. The most worrisome complications are thrombo-hemorrhagic events, and risk stratification is especially important as treatment of disease is based on their category. Phlebotomy and aspirin are the mainstay of treatment in low-risk polycythemia vera and essential thrombocythemia patients, whereas high-risk disease calls for additional cytoreduction, usually with hydroxyurea.


Malaz Khodier, Klára Gadó. BCR::ABL1 negative myeloproliferative neoplasms: A review focused on essential thrombocythemia and polycythemia vera. Physiology international. 2023 Sep 05;110(3):227-250

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 37651280

View Full Text