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Acute pancreatitis represents an inflammatory disease featuring pancreatic necrosis and inflammation. Inflammatory injury of pancreatic acinar cells (PACs) is critically involved in the initiation and progression of acute pancreatitis. Pyroptosis, a new kind of programmed cell death concomitant with a low-grade inflammatory reaction, plays a function in acute pancreatitis pathology. It is unclear whether saikosaponin d (SSd), a pharmacologically active natural product, could protect PACs by regulating pyroptosis. Here, we established a PAC injury model in vitro using cerulein to treat AR42J cells. SSd restored viability and proliferation and lowered the release of pancreatic enzymes and inflammatory interleukins in cerulein-treated AR42J cells. Cerulein-induced pyroptosis was evidenced by typical ultrastructural changes and NLRP3/caspase-1 activation in AR42J cells, but SSd attenuated cerulein-induced pyroptosis and inhibited NLRP3/caspase-1 pathway. Mechanically, SSd reduced mitochondrial damage and mtDNA release, and blocked cGAS-STING signaling in AR42J cells treated with cerulein, contributing to the inhibition of NLRP3-mediated pyroptosis. Furthermore, SSd abolished cerulein-elevated oxidative stress in AR42J cells, leading to the mitigation of mitochondrial damage and inhibition of cGAS-STING signaling and pyroptosis. In conclusion, SSd protected PACs against cerulein-induced pyroptosis by alleviating mitochondrial damage and inhibiting the cGAS-STING pathway, and it could be a therapeutic candidate for acute pancreatitis. © 2024 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Citation

Hui Chen, Xirong Lu, Beiqi Xu, Gang Cheng, Yuyi Li, Dan Xie. Saikosaponin d protects pancreatic acinar cells against cerulein-induced pyroptosis through alleviating mitochondrial damage and inhibiting cGAS-STING pathway. Journal of applied toxicology : JAT. 2024 Mar 11


PMID: 38462915

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