Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

The interleukin receptor-associated kinase (IRAK) family are involved in regulating Toll-like receptor (TLR) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) signalling pathways. TLRs are pattern recognition receptors of the innate immune response that are responsible for sensing pathogens and initiating immunity, while IL-1 is one of the key cytokines that mediates inflammation. As such, IL-1/TLR signalling pathways and the IRAK family are critical in anti-pathogen responses, inflammation and autoimmunity. The family comprises of four members, IRAK-1, IRAK-2, IRAK-M (IRAK-3) and IRAK-4, and has a role in both positive and negative regulation of signal transduction. While it was once thought that the family displayed some redundancy, each member of the family is emerging as a distinct and vital contributor to IL-1/TLR signalling mechanisms. Knockout mouse studies have explored the relative contribution of each of the IRAKs in IL-1/TLR signalling, while the recent generation of kinase-inactive knock-in IRAK-4 mice have revealed which of IRAK-4 functions require its kinase activity. IRAK-2, previously thought of as a pseudokinase, has recently been proposed to have kinase activity that is essential for TLR signalling. Not surprisingly given their critical role in IL-1/TLR signalling, the IRAK family members have been implicated in certain disease models including human immunodeficiencies. Thus the potential targeting of these essential protein kinases therapeutically is also discussed. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Sinead Flannery, Andrew G Bowie. The interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinases: critical regulators of innate immune signalling. Biochemical pharmacology. 2010 Dec 15;80(12):1981-91

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 20599782

View Full Text