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Central nervous system hemangioblastoma is a benign tumor associated with or without von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease which is an autosomal dominant hereditary disease that results from a germline mutation in the VHL gene. A main axis of signaling pathways in central nervous system hemangioblastoma is VHL-HIF signaling pathway. Here, we propose an alternative VHL-JAK-STAT signaling pathway in hemangioblastoma and discuss the role. Using MACS method, Scl+ hemangioblast-like cells were isolated from multipotent nestin-expressing stem cells. Then, ubiquitination of JAK2 in those cells and immunoprecipitation between JAK2 and VHL were examined. Then, expressions of JAK2 and STAT3 in those cells and expressions of VHL-associated hemangioblastoma tissues were examined. In addition, the VHL genes of patients bearing hemangioblastoma were analyzed. JAK2 and STAT3 in Scl+ hemangioblast-like cells were ubiquitinated after VHL- expression vector was transferred to those cells. Expressions of JAK2 and STAT3 in those cells were well recognized before the transfer, but those disappeared after the transfer. Expressions of both JAK2 and STAT3 in hemangioblastoma tissues were well shown. The VHL gene analysis revealed that patients bearing hemangioblastoma carried missense mutations in 5, small deletions in 2, large deletions in 4, and nonsense mutation in 1 CONCLUSIONS: VHL-JAK-STAT signaling pathway might play an important role in proliferation, angiogenesis, and maintenance of stem-cell-nature in hemangioblastoma as an alternative signaling pathway to supplement VHL-HIF signaling pathway.


Hiroshi Kanno, Tetsuya Yoshizumi, Masamichi Shinonaga, Atsuhiko Kubo, Hidetoshi Murata, Masahiro Yao. Role of VHL-JAK-STAT signaling pathway in central nervous system hemangioblastoma associated with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Journal of neuro-oncology. 2020 May;148(1):29-38

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PMID: 32356150

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