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    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths across the world. Irinotecan (IRI) is commonly used to treat CRC, and IRI-based chemotherapy is linked with adverse reaction and the efficacy of the treatment regimen. The gene UGT1A1 plays a central role in the IRI metabolic pathway. A polymorphism UGT1A1*6 has been widely researched which may be related to response of IRI-based chemotherapy in CRC. All relevant studies were strictly searched from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases to explore the associations between UGT1A1*6 and response of IRI-based chemotherapy with CRC. Nine articles comprising 1652 patients were included in the final combination. Meta-analysis showed G allele or GG had a lower risk of severe late-onset diarrhea compared with A/AA in allele model and homozygote model (G vs. A: OR = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.28-0.99, P=0.05; GG vs. AA: OR = 0.48, 95% CI: 0.23-0.99, P=0.05), no significant association was observed in other models. In addition, a significant association between UGT1A1*6 and neutropenia was observed in all models (G vs. A: OR = 0.57, 95% CI: 0.46-0.71, P=0.00; GG vs. AA: OR = 0.28, 95% CI: 0.17-0.45, P=0.01; GA vs. AA: OR = 0.42, 95% CI: 0.26-0.70, P=0.00; GG+GA vs. AA: OR = 0.32, 95% CI: 0.20-0.52, P=0.00; GG vs. AA+GA: OR = 0.40, 95% CI: 0.22-0.71, P=0.00), whereas, no relationship was found between UGT1A1*6 and clinical response among the different genotypes. UGT1A1*6 may be considered as a biomarker for IRI-based chemotherapy in CRC. © 2020 The Author(s).


    Xiaoyun Zhu, Ruchao Ma, Xin Ma, Gang Yang. Association of UGT1A1*6 polymorphism with irinotecan-based chemotherapy reaction in colorectal cancer patients: a systematic review and a meta-analysis. Bioscience reports. 2020 Oct 30;40(10)

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    PMID: 32936306

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