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Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a common urological system malignancy lack of effective therapeutic options. Upregulation of the Bcl-2 proteins was correlated with poor prognosis of RCC, suggesting that BH-3 mimetics may be a promising treatment option. ABT-263 is a BH3 mimetic that possesses anti-tumor effects. TW-37 is another inhibitor of Bcl-2 family protein with potential anti-tumor activities. However, since their effect as single agent is limited, combination treatment represents a strategy to improve the efficiency. We studied the ABT-263 in combination with TW-37 and analyzed the molecular mechanisms of action in RCC cells. MTT and colony formation assays were used to measure the proliferation of RCC cells. Transwell assay was used to assay the migration and invasion of RCC cells. Cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were measured using the flow cytometry and apoptotic nucleosome assay, respectively. Western blotting was performed to measure the change of proteins. The anti-tumor effects of ABT-263, TW-37 and their combination were also evaluated in vivo. Cotreatment of TW-37 and ABT-263 synergistically repressed the proliferation of RCC cells. TW-37 and ABT-263 also synergistically inhibited the migration and invasion of RCC cells It was also showed that TW-37 and ABT-263 synergistically induced cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase. Furthermore, increased apoptosis was observed after exposure to TW-37 and ABT-263. Mechanism investigation showed that TW-37 and ABT-263 synergistically induced apoptosis via the mitochondrial pathway and relied on the activation of Bax and caspases. Furthermore, ERK signaling pathway activation was detected after treated with TW-37 and ABT-263. Finally, TW-37 and ABT-263 also synergistically repressed the growth of RCC cells in xenograft mice. In summary, our data demonstrated that combined treatment with TW-37 and ABT-263 exhibited synergistic RCC cell death and this combination may be applied as an effective therapeutic strategy against RCC. © 2021 Yu et al.

Citation

Rui Yu, Yefen Lu, Ren Yu, Jianjun Xie, Shoujun Zhou. Synergistic Effects of TW-37 and ABT-263 on Renal Cell Carcinoma Cells. Cancer management and research. 2021;13:953-963


PMID: 33568941

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