Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • 12 nc (1)
  • acetamiprid (1)
  • aphids (4)
  • chitin (2)
  • dermal (2)
  • female (2)
  • fluorescein (1)
  • food industry (1)
  • hydrolysis (1)
  • imidacloprid (2)
  • insect control (2)
  • insecticides (3)
  • insects (6)
  • lethal dose (2)
  • mice (1)
  • mortality (3)
  • nitro compounds (2)
  • pest control (2)
  • pesticides (5)
  • plant (4)
  • rat (5)
  • triticum (1)
  • weight (1)
  • wheat (3)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Nanomaterials in plant protection promise many benefits over conventional pesticide products. Nano-enabled pesticides may alter the functionality or risk profile of active ingredients. Cationic nanochitin whiskers (NC) possess strong biological activity against wheat aphids. However, toxicity and synergistic effects of NC with chemical pesticides against pest insects has not been systemically reported. This study investigated the insecticidal enhancement by NC with Omethoate (40% EC), Imidacloprid (10% WP), and Acetamiprid (40% WG) for pest control using wheat aphid as piercing-sucking mouthparts insect. Fluorescein isothiocyanate labelled NC was used to monitor the uptake and transportation pathway of NC inside the target insects. Toxicity of NC was tested with Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat. Our findings provide a theoretical basis for future application of NC in plant protection against pest insects. NCs synthesized by acidic hydrolysis were rod-like nanoparticles in a range of 50-150 nm in length and 30-50 nm in width, which examined by electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering methods. The charge density and zeta potential were about 63 mmol/kg and + 36.4 mV, respectively. By absorption and/or contact action of 30-50 mg/L of NC suspension, the corrected mortality of wheat aphids reached up to 80% or above after 12 h treatment, NC could be distributed through digestive system and relocated from mouth to other tissues inside the insect body. When associated with dilutions of conventional pesticides, the corrected mortality were significantly increased up to 95% or above. The dosage of the chemical pesticide and nanochitin in the mixtures (1:1 by volume) were all reduced to half. The acute oral toxicity Lethal Dose 50% (LD50) to SD rat is greater than 5000 mg/kg BW (body weight) in male and female, acute dermal toxicity LD50 is greater than 2000 mg/kg BW of NC. NC has a strong promotive effect on insecticidal effectiveness of chemical insecticides. It was easily absorbed by plant, transported and distributed from mouth to other tissues of the insects while sucking plant fluid. Low acute oral and dermal toxicity to SD rat indicated that it is safe to apply in agriculture and food industry. NCs has a great potential for water-based nanopesticide formulation to reduce chemical pesticide use for future agro-environmental sustainability.


    Zhenya Li, Hezhong Wang, Shiheng An, Xinming Yin. Nanochitin whisker enhances insecticidal activity of chemical pesticide for pest insect control and toxicity. Journal of nanobiotechnology. 2021 Feb 16;19(1):49

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 33593391

    View Full Text