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    The goal of this work aimed to evaluate the protective effects of pea (Pisum sativum) peels extract versus doxorubicin-induced oxidative myocardial injury in male mice. The mice were divided into seven groups (n = 7): (I) control group; (II) P. sativum 250 group; (III) P. sativum 500 group; (IV) DOX (3 times alternately of 2.5 mg/kg/week, i.p. for a continuous two-week period) group; (V) Vit. E 100 + DOX group; (VI) P. sativum 250 + DOX group, and (VII) P. sativum 500 + DOX group). Twenty polyphenolic compounds, mainly flavonoid glycosides such as quercetin, kaempferol apigenin, and phenolics compounds were characterized by LC-MS/MS analysis in the examined extract. DOX administration elevated the activities of serum biomarkers of myocardial dysfunction (ALT, AST, ALP, LDH, troponin, CPK, and CK-MB), lipid profile, and proinflammatory cytokines. Also, it decreased cardiac antioxidants (GSH, SOD, GPX, CAT) and increased myocardial markers of oxidative stress (NO and MDA) and inflammatory marker (MPO). As well as it downregulated and upregulated the Bcl-2 (anti-apoptotic gene) and the Bax (pro-apoptotic gene) expressions, respectively. Pre-treatment of DOX-exposed mice with P. sativum or vitamin E (as a reference protective antioxidant) alleviated the changes dose-dependently via DOX-induced cardiotoxicity. These data show that P. sativum has a cardio-protective impact against DOX-induced cardiomyocyte damage in mice via boosting endogenous antioxidants, decreasing inflammation, and regulating BcL-2 and Bax apoptosis pathway, which might be related to the presence of flavonoid glycosides. P. sativum peels are a by-product that could be suggested for further screening as a possible new candidate for therapeutic use. Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.. All rights reserved.

    Citation

    Eman A Abdelghffar, Wael A Obaid, Abdelbaset M Elgamal, Rachid Daoud, Mansour Sobeh, Mohamed A El Raey. Pea (Pisum sativum) peel extract attenuates DOX-induced oxidative myocardial injury. Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie. 2021 Nov;143:112120

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    PMID: 34649330

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