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The aim of this study to determine the prevalence of CALR, MPL and c-kit gene mutations in JAK2 V617F negative-MPN patients. The retrospective study of CALR, MPL and c-kit mutations were analyzed in 113 samples collected from March 2010 to May 2017 and identified as JAK2 V617F-negative MPN Thai patients. The samples were analysis by gel electrophoresis and direct sequencing. 28.3% of JAK2 V617F-negative MPN patients showed CALR gene mutations. Within the MPN patients with CALR mutation, 46.9% were classified as essential thrombocythemia (ET) and 20.9% were classified as primary myelofibrosis (PMF). Previous studies classified CALR mutations into three types using negatively charged amino acid stretches at the C-terminal domain. Type 1-like mutations were observed in 12 of 49 (24.5%) ET patients and type 2-like mutations were observed in 10 of 49 (20.4%) patients. In addition, 8 of 43 (18.6%) PMF patients showed type 1-like mutations and 1 of 43 (2.3%) showed type 2-like CALR mutation. Interestingly, platelet counts were higher in patients with CALR gene mutation than in patients without CALR gene mutation. MPL mutations (W515K and W515L) were identified in 2 of 109 (1.8%) MPN patients; the MPL mutations were only found in ET patients, which was consistent with previous studies. We did not detect exon 17 c-kit mutation in JAK2-negative MPN patients but detected intronic single nucleotide polymorphisms at c.74,978 and c.75,255 in these samples. Approximately 66% of patients did not have mutations in CALR and MPL genes, in addition to lacking JAK2 gene mutation, and these cases are classified as triple-mutations. Our results showed that 66% of cases were triple-negative mutation MPN because they lacked mutations in JAK2, CALR and MPL genes. The frequencies of CALR and MPL mutation in this study are similar to other CALR and MPL patient data.


Kriangpol Wiriyaukaradecha, Supanee Nimsanor, Nithiphut Tantirukdham, Jin Tongsom, Chakrit Bunyoo, Kamonwan Soonklang, Narongrit Sritana, Chirayu Auewarakul. Study of CALR, MPL, and c-kit Gene Mutations in Thai Patients with JAK2 V617F Negative Myeloproliferative Neoplasms. Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP. 2022 May 01;23(5):1671-1678

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PMID: 35633552

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