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Glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3B) is reported to be a protective factor for the degradation of chondrocytes by extracellular mechanisms. Nuclear receptor subfamily 4 group A member 3 (NR4A3) is a proinflammatory factor in osteoarthritis. Their regulation mechanism in posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) is not fully understood. GSK3B expression in the cartilage tissue of PTOA patients was analyzed by western blotting. IL-1β-induced chondrocytes were transfected with pcDNA-GSK3B, and then, the cell viability, apoptosis, expression of the chondrocyte extracellular matrix degradation-related genes MMP13, aggrecan, and type II collagen, and secretion of inflammatory factors TNF-α and IL-6 were detected. Co-IP was used to analyze the interaction between GSK3B and DNMT1. Ch-IP and methylation-specific PCR assays were used for methylation. Also, cells were transfected with pcDNA-GSK3B or together with pcDNA-NR4A3, as well as transfected with si-NR4A3, and then, cell functions were tested. Then, the mice subjected to destabilization of medial meniscus (DMM) surgery were intra-articular injected with 100 μL of the following adeno-related virus vectors (empty vector, Ad-GSK3B, scrambled shRNA, and sh-NR4A3), respectively, and the virus titer was 2 × 108 TU/mL. Cartilage integrity was evaluated by safranin O/fast green staining, HE staining, and Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) score. The expression of GSK3B protein was downregulated in PTOA patients. GSK3B overexpression alleviated IL-1β-induced chondrocyte apoptosis and extracellular matrix degradation, as well as cartilage mineralization in PTOA model mice. NR4A3 overexpression reversed the effect of GSK3B on IL-1β-induced chondrocyte functions. GSK3B could recruit DNMT1 to the NR4A3 promoter region to promote the methylation of NR4A3 and inhibit the expression of NR4A3 protein. Similarly, NR4A3 interference alleviated cartilage degradation under stimulating conditions by inhibiting the activation of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. GSK3B recruits DNMT1 to the NR4A3 promoter region and inhibits the activation of the NR4A3-mediated JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway, thereby alleviating PTOA. Copyright © 2022 Zhou Lv et al.


Zhou Lv, Deping Sun, Xin Li, Gang Wu. GSK3B Overexpression Alleviates Posttraumatic Osteoarthritis in Mice by Promoting DNMT1-Mediated Hypermethylation of NR4A3 Promoter. Disease markers. 2022;2022:4185489

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PMID: 35747513

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